[ English ]   [ Malay ]

Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020



1 Introduction

2 International and National Context of Growth

3 Vision and Goals of Kuala Lumpur

4 Economic Base and Population

5 Income and Quality of Life

6 Land Use and Development Strategy

7 Commerce

8 Tourism

9 Industry

10 Transportation

11 Infrastructure and Utilities

12 Housing

13 Community Facilities

14 Urban Design and Landscape

15 Environment

16 Special Areas

17 Strategic Zone

18 Implementation




1. ‘Fit-to-terrain’
  Hill-slope development requires design concept of building and infrastructural layout that is sympathetic to slope features, involving minimal earth works.
2. Affordable Housing
  Affordable housing includes low, low medium and medium cost housing with selling price between RM42,000 to RM150,000 per unit to cater for low and medium income groups with a monthly household income between RM1,500 to RM4,000.
3. Average Length of Stay (ALS)
A guest night is counted as one guest staying one night at a hotel (1 guest x 1 night = 1 guest night). Two persons sharing one room for two nights are counted as four guest nights.
4. Hotel Guests:
  Defined as the number of guests checked-in for not less than one night stay. Half-day guests are not included.
5. Average Occupancy Rate (AOR)
*Room available: No. of rooms x no. of days in the month
6. Bed & Breakfast Accommodation
  A private residence, several rooms of which are set aside for overnight guests whose paid accommodations include breakfast.
7. Boutique Hotel
  • Architecture and design style - distinction, warmth and intimacy.
• Atmosphere - décor, ambience, personalised service, the attitude of management and staff, and how all these ingredients must combine to create a genuine sense of intimacy.
• Size - less than 200 rooms
8. Budget Hotel
  Hotel that is 2 star and below.
9. Buffer Zone
  A buffer zone normally in the form of green area, separating two incompatible land use activities i.e. residential and industrial areas.
10. Conservation Areas
  Areas of special architectural or historic interest and character of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance. Conservation areas are critical environmental areas where ordinary development practices would likely caused significant environmental damages. Development surrounding these areas should consider negative impacts onto the conservation efforts and effective controlling methods need to be provided in order to reduce these impacts.
11. Development Charge
  Development charge levied on enhanced land value of a development proposal due to change of land use and/or an increase in population density and/or an increase in plot ratio and/or a shortage in provision of car parking bays.
12. Development Plan
  Development plan in relation to an area means the local plan for the area or if there is no local plan for the area, the structure plan for the area, and in relation to any land or building, means the development plan as so defined for the area in which the land or building is situated (section 2, the Federal Territory (Planning) Act 1982 (Act 267)).
13. Eco-Tourism
  Environmentally responsible travel to relatively undisturbed natural areas in order to enjoy and appreciate nature (and any other accompanying cultural features). One that promotes conservation, one that has low visitor impact and one that provides for beneficially active socio economic involvement of local populations.
14. Exclusive bus/taxi lane
  A special lane for bus/taxi to ensure smooth flow and reliability of services.
15. Forest Reserve
  Gazetted forest reserves are Bukit Nanas, Bukit Sungai Besi dan Bukit Sungai Putih.
16. Green Areas
  Green areas generally covered with natural or planted vegetation, consist of open spaces, recreational areas, utility and infrastructure corridors, buffer zones, forest reserves, agriculture areas, cemeteries, nurseries, shrubs and residential compounds.
Green areas in the City should create quality amenities to the people with the following functions:

1. Enhancing the environment quality
• Helps generate flora and fauna biodiversity to create sustainable living environment.
• Improves the air quality
• Produces cooling effect
• Reduces surface run-off
• Represents natural heritage for future generation

2. Enhancing the urban design quality
• Creates tropical garden city
• Improves the city landscape aesthetic beauty

3. Enhancing the space for recreational opportunities

4. Enhancing the potential of tourism attraction
17. Green Lung
  Green Lung represents one of the main functions of green area in reducing level of pollution, enhancing air quality and creating cooling effect to the environment.
18. High-Cost Housing
  House with selling price more than RM150,000.00 per unit.
19. High-End Industries
  Most recent, modern or new industry.
20. Hotel
  Refers to hotel, resort cum hotel, and chalets with 10 rooms and above.
21. Housing Density
  Average number of persons in a unit of space in a residential area (number of persons per hectare)
22. Hypermarket
  Owned by a large company with huge operating capital, floor space and catchments and offering a wide variety of goods and services.
23. Informal Sector
  Informal sector involves small-scale activities under taken by individuals, mainly hawking in locations such as market, night market spot, kiosk, static and mobile stall and locked-up shop.
24. K-Economy
  The K-economy is about knowledge and the ability to use it to create new value and wealth. The K-economy includes all human economic activities of previous eras, such as agriculture and industry, but it introduces new activities that were not prominent or possible before.
25. Land Use Specialisation Index
  As a measuring tool to illustrate the relative importance of a land use of a planning unit in relation to other areas in the city. The formula as follows:

26. Light Rapid Transit (LRT)
  A passenger system based on light rail, designed to facilitate the rapid movement of people.
27. Low-Cost Housing
  House with selling price between RM25,000.00 to RM42,000.00 per unit, with a minimum floor space of 650 square feet.
28. Low-Medium Cost Housing
  House with selling price between RM42,001.00 to RM85,000.00 per unit.
29. Medium-Cost Housing
  House with selling price between RM85,001.00 to RM150,000.00 per unit.
30. Mixed-Use Development
  A development concept comprises various types of uses such as residential, shopping, office, facilities etc.
31. Non-Polluting Industrial Use
  Industrial use which does not involve activities that are detriment to the occupants of the building and amenity of the area by reason of noise, waste water discharge, vibration, smell, fume, smoke, soot, ash, dust or grit.
32. Open Space
  Open space consists of city park, district park, neighbourhood park, local park and local play area. Some of these areas may have water bodies like lakes and flood retention ponds.

Examples of parks are as follows:

• City parks consist of theme parks with size exceeding 50 hectares, i.e. Taman Tasik
Perdana (91 hectares) and Taman Lembah Kiara (190 hectares).

• District parks are to cater for a catchment of 200,000 population, having an area of more than 25 hectares, such as Taman Tasik Titiwangsa (44 hectares), Taman Metropolitan Kepong (117 hectares), Taman Metropolitan Batu (26 hectares), Taman Pudu Ulu (28 hectares), Taman Tasik Permaisuri (40 hectares) and Taman Antarabangsa Bukit Jalil (33 hectares).

• Neighbourhood parks are to cater for a catchment of 50,000 population, having an area
of 5 to 25 hectares, for example Taman KLCC (18 hectares), Taman Botani Bukit Jalil (16
hectares) and Taman Tasik Menjalara (15 hectares).

• Local parks are to cater for a catchment of 10,000 population, having an area of 1 to
5 hectares.

• Local play areas for children are located in residential areas with an area less than 1.0
hectare each. Besides that, there are also stadiums and sports complexes built in parks.
33. Parks
  Parks consist of city park, district park, neighbourhood park, local park and local play area.
34. Poverty Level
  Poverty level is defined as household income below than RM510 per month (at 1997 prices) for national level. In the contexts of Kuala Lumpur, a more realistic figure for a household income is estimated at RM750 per month due to higher living costs. Nevertheless, those earning a household income less than RM1,000 per month cannot afford to buy low cost houses in Kuala Lumpur.
35. Private Open Space
  Private open spaces are those provided by private developers, where the use is limited to specific groups. For example golf course, polo field and driving range.
36. Public Open Space
  Public open spaces are open spaces designated for public use.
37. Public Housing
  Housing provided by CHKL for low income groups at subsidised rental.
38. Service Industry
  A business that does work for customer such as transportation or entertainment, but is not involved in manufacturing.
39. Sport and Recreational Facilities
  Sport and recreational facilities consist of open space, stadium, sport complex, swimming pool, courts, golf course, polo field and driving range.
40. Stable Areas
  Areas with established development and activities, in which minimal changes in development are anticipated over the plan period i.e. up to year 2020.
41. Strategic Zone
  Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 area is divided into six strategic zones, namely City Centre, Maluri - Wangsa Maju, Sentul - Menjalara, Damansara - Penchala, Bukit Jalil - Seputeh and Bandar Tun Razak - Sungai Besi.
42. Sub-global Scale
  In the contexts of KLSP 2020 sub global scale refers to Asia Pacific Region.
43. Sustainable Development
  Refer paragraph 2.2.3: AGENDA 21 page 2-2.
44. Temporary Housing
  Dwelling units built with temporary structure using building materials such as timber and zinc.
45. Tourism Product
  Refer to something that has sense of attraction, which can attract tourist to come and see. Example of tourism products are eco-tourism, sports tourism and education tourism.
46. Tourism Resources
  Refer to resources, which will be utilised to develop tourism product such as nature resources, cultural heritage, historical remains, man-made resources and events/activities.
47. Tourist
  A temporary visitor staying at least one night but not more than one year in a country visited and whose purpose of visit could be classified as leisure, business, visit friend and relatives or attending conferences and meeting, other than exercise of an activity remunerated from within the country visited.
48. Tourist Frontliners
  Refer to frontliners in tourism industry which have opportunities to interact directly with tourists/ customers.
49. Traditional Shopping Precincts
  The traditional shopping precincts consist of rows of shop houses, mostly built before 1940’s, where retailing activities are available, generally on merchandise such as textile, clothes, electrical, plastic ware etc.
50. Traditional Buildings
  Building constructed with architectural style and building materials, way back over the years that gives character to the area in which they are located.
51. Transit Oriented Development
  High intensity residential, commercial or mixed-used development at or around transit terminal.
52. Transit Planning Zone
  Zone located at or around transit terminal being identified for high intensity development.
53. Transnational Companies
  A company operating on production and marketing in various countries in coordinated by central management so as to achieve investment objectives. Normally the scale of such corporation is big and owned by multi nationalities.
54. Transport Modal Share
  Transport Modal Share means the ratio between total number of passengers of public transport and total number of private transport users.
55. Urban Centres
  The urban centres are categorised according to the relative level of importance determined by their functions, level of provision of services and facilities and size of catchment.

There are four main hierarchies of urban centres, namely City Centre, District Centre, Neighbourhood Centre and Local Centre.

• City Centre:
The functions of the City Centre include financial and commercial services, shopping and
entertainment facilities and professional services for all local, national and international

• District Centre:
The functions of a District Centre are to provide middle ranking commercial, shopping and professional services and educational, sports and recreational facilities to cater for both local and district markets.

• Neighbourhood Centre:
The functions of a Neighbourhood Centre are to provide lower ranking office, shopping,
educational, sports and recreational facilities to cater for both local and neighbourhood

• Local Centre:
The functions of a Local Centre are to provide the lowest ranking office and small-scale
commercial facilities to cater for local catchment.
56. Urban Design
  A discipline on planning and spatial distribution and function of towns or cities so as to create attractive and harmonious environment.
57. Urban Fabric
  Urban fabric consists of social and physical infrastructural networks, which involve high development and maintenance costs.
58. Vacant Land
  Land without a current usage or recognised amenity value.
59. Visitors
  Any person visiting a country other than his own usual place of residence for a period not
exceeding one year and for any reason other than following an occupation from within the country visited.
60. Youth Hostel
  Accommodation or lodging facilities for:

• unmarried local youth aged between 18-40 years old, employed in Kuala Lumpur with income between RM600-RM2,000 per month, or

• traveling youth who comes from outside Kuala Lumpur or overseas whether during study tour or official visit.