||The preparation of the Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan
2020 is undertaken in the conviction that most of the policies of
the 1984 Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan (KLSP 1984) need to be revised
due to unprecedented economic boom and rapid changes in the last 20
years. Some of the major developments that have taken place were not
anticipated in the structure plan. Development such as the Multimedia
Super Corridor (MSC), the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA)
at Sepang and the transfer of federal government administrative functions
to Putrajaya are anticipated to stimulate and influence future changes
and growth. With globalisation gathering pace, Kuala Lumpur will encounter
more challenges within a new international development era. The nations
capital should be made ready for a competitive international role
in the world of the 21st Century. In the light of hanges in the last
twenty years and anticipated changes in the near future for a holistic
development and good governance, it is timely to prepare a new structure
plan for Kuala Lumpur.
||Photo 1.1: ...most of the policies
of the 1984 Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan (KLSP 1984) need to
be revised due to unprecedented economic boom and rapid changes
in the last 20 years.
||The Federal Territory (Planning) Act 1982 (Act
267) is the legal basis for the preparation of the new plan. Section
10(1) of the said Act, stipulates:
At any time after a structure plan for the Federal Territory
comes into effect, the Commissioner may submit to the Minister and
shall if so directed by the Minister, submit to him within a period
specified in the direction, proposals for such alteration, addition,
revision or replacement in whole or in part to the plan
as appear to the Commissioner to be expedient or as the Minister may
direct as the case may be.
||The Kuala Lumpur
Structure Plan 2020 (the Plan) contains the vision, goals, policies
and proposals to guide the development of Kuala Lumpur (the City)
over the next 20 years. It does not contain proposals for detailed
physical planning for any specific area. Detailed physical proposals
shall be relegated to a subsequent stage of the development plan,
that is, the local plan.
||The Plan contains
details of all the relevant separate components that make up the City,
that is, its economic base and population, land use and development
strategies, commerce, tourism, industry, transportation, infrastructure
and utilities, housing, community facilities, urban design and landscape,
environment and special areas. These components, though in discrete
parts, are interrelated and mutually contingent. Policies and proposals
for each of these components are therefore, directed towards their
composition into an integrated whole, that is, the efficiently functioning,
progressive and felicitous city.
||This Plan needs
to be translated at a local planning stage by which identification
and implementation of projects should be supported with phasing programmes,
financial allocation and management.
Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 (DKLSP 2020) was exhibited to the public
from 10 March to 9 April 2003. The public was invited to inspect and
submit written objections to the Draft Plan within the 49 days from
10 March to 28 April 2003 by using the public objection forms provided.
Objections filed by the public comprised views, suggestions, recommendations,
comments and information.
A total of 258 objection forms comprising 945 objections were received
from individuals, government departments and agencies, educational
institutions, professional bodies, elected representatives, political
parties and other organisations. The written objections received cover
all the 17 sectoral studies as outlined in the DKLSP 2020. A total
of 483 objections or 51.6% relate to transportation, community facilities,
housing and tourism sectors. The remaining 453 objections or 48.4%
refer to other sectors.
appointed 18 members of Public Objection Hearing Committee comprising
members of CHKL Advisory Board, senior officers of CHKL, representatives
of professional bodies and practicing professionals, to hear and consider
Photo 1.2: The Commissioner in accordance with Section 7 of the
Act 267 has obtained the Ministers consent to publish a public
||A total of
29 public objection hearing sessions were held between 5 May 2003
and 16 June 2003, during working days from Monday until Thursday.
There were 228 objectors present to present oral objections. Ten objectors
who have earlier requested to make representation did not turn up
and 20 objectors have chosen not to be heard orally. Three representatives
of an organisation or agency were given 30 minutes to present oral
objection, whilst each individual was given 15 minutes.
Objection Hearing Committee held 27 sessions between 14 August and
6 October 2003 to consider 936 objections from 175 individuals and
83 groups of objectors. The Committee identified 55.3% of the objections
related to DKLSP 2020, 12.8% related to detail planning proposal which
can be considered at the local planning stage and 2.8% related to
development control issues that can be regulated through development
control guidelines. The remaining 29.1% of the objections related
to issues of implementation, enforcement and coordination which have
to be resolved at the management level. The Report of Public Objection
Hearing was submitted to the Mayor on 8 December 2003.
||The DKLSP 2020,
the Public Objection Hearing Report and the amendment report of DKLSP
2020 were submitted by the Mayor to the Minister on 8 March 2004.
The Minister then referred the three reports to the Federal Territory
Planning Advisory Board for considerations and recommendations. The
Board comprises six members and chaired by the Chief Secretary to
the government. After a full deliberation and consideration of the
reports, the Board submitted the proposal with recommended modifications
to the Minister on 12 August 2004. The Plan and its modifications
were approved by the Minister for the Federal Territory on 12 August
||At any time
after the structure plan has come into force the Mayor may consider
the preparation of a local plan for any part or whole of Kuala Lumpur.
It is the intent of City Hall Kuala Lumpur (CHKL) that the structure
plan be followed and supported by a local plan or local plans. Section
13(3) of Act 267 states that:
The local plan consists of a map and written statement and shall
formulate in such details as the Commissioner thinks appropriate,
his proposal for the development of use of land in the area of the
local plan, including such measures as the Commissioner thinks fit
for the improvement of the physical environment and the improvement
of transportation and contain such matters as the Minister may in
particular case specify.
||The local plan
shall provide for the citizens a more comprehensive and detailed perspective
of the future of Kuala Lumpur. This plan shall provide for landowners
and developers more detailed planning guidelines for the development
of specific sites.