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Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020



1 Introduction
  1.1 Need for a plan
  1.2 The plan
  1.3 Public participation
  1.4 The Minister's approval and adoption of the plan
  1.5 Local Plan

2 International and National Context of Growth

3 Vision and Goals of Kuala Lumpur

4 Economic Base and Population

5 Income and Quality of Life

6 Land Use and Development Strategy

7 Commerce

8 Tourism

9 Industry

10 Transportation

11 Infrastructure and Utilities

12 Housing

13 Community Facilities

14 Urban Design and Landscape

15 Environment

16 Special Areas

17 Strategic Zone

18 Implementation



1.1 Need for a plan  

1. The preparation of the Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 is undertaken in the conviction that most of the policies of the 1984 Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan (KLSP 1984) need to be revised due to unprecedented economic boom and rapid changes in the last 20 years. Some of the major developments that have taken place were not anticipated in the structure plan. Development such as the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC), the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) at Sepang and the transfer of federal government administrative functions to Putrajaya are anticipated to stimulate and influence future changes and growth. With globalisation gathering pace, Kuala Lumpur will encounter more challenges within a new international development era. The nation’s capital should be made ready for a competitive international role in the world of the 21st Century. In the light of hanges in the last twenty years and anticipated changes in the near future for a holistic development and good governance, it is timely to prepare a new structure plan for Kuala Lumpur.
Photo 1.1: ...most of the policies of the 1984 Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan (KLSP 1984) need to be revised due to unprecedented economic boom and rapid changes in the last 20 years.
2. The Federal Territory (Planning) Act 1982 (Act 267) is the legal basis for the preparation of the new plan. Section 10(1) of the said Act, stipulates:

“At any time after a structure plan for the Federal Territory comes into effect, the Commissioner may submit to the Minister and shall if so directed by the Minister, submit to him within a period specified in the direction, proposals for such alteration, addition, revision or replacement in whole or in part to the plan
as appear to the Commissioner to be expedient or as the Minister may direct as the case may be”.

1.2 The Plan

3. The Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 (the Plan) contains the vision, goals, policies and proposals to guide the development of Kuala Lumpur (the City) over the next 20 years. It does not contain proposals for detailed physical planning for any specific area. Detailed physical proposals shall be relegated to a subsequent stage of the development plan, that is, the local plan.
4. The Plan contains details of all the relevant separate components that make up the City, that is, its economic base and population, land use and development strategies, commerce, tourism, industry, transportation, infrastructure and utilities, housing, community facilities, urban design and landscape, environment and special areas. These components, though in discrete parts, are interrelated and mutually contingent. Policies and proposals for each of these components are therefore, directed towards their composition into an integrated whole, that is, the efficiently functioning, progressive and felicitous city.
5. This Plan needs to be translated at a local planning stage by which identification and implementation of projects should be supported with phasing programmes, financial allocation and management.

1.3 Public participation

6. Draft Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 (DKLSP 2020) was exhibited to the public from 10 March to 9 April 2003. The public was invited to inspect and submit written objections to the Draft Plan within the 49 days from 10 March to 28 April 2003 by using the public objection forms provided. Objections filed by the public comprised views, suggestions, recommendations, comments and information.
A total of 258 objection forms comprising 945 objections were received from individuals, government departments and agencies, educational institutions, professional bodies, elected representatives, political parties and other organisations. The written objections received cover all the 17 sectoral studies as outlined in the DKLSP 2020. A total of 483 objections or 51.6% relate to transportation, community facilities, housing and tourism sectors. The remaining 453 objections or 48.4% refer to other sectors.
8. The Minister appointed 18 members of Public Objection Hearing Committee comprising members of CHKL Advisory Board, senior officers of CHKL, representatives of professional bodies and practicing professionals, to hear and consider public objections.

Photo 1.2
: The Commissioner in accordance with Section 7 of the Act 267 has obtained the Minister’s consent to publish a public notice.
9. A total of 29 public objection hearing sessions were held between 5 May 2003 and 16 June 2003, during working days from Monday until Thursday. There were 228 objectors present to present oral objections. Ten objectors who have earlier requested to make representation did not turn up and 20 objectors have chosen not to be heard orally. Three representatives of an organisation or agency were given 30 minutes to present oral objection, whilst each individual was given 15 minutes.
10. The Public Objection Hearing Committee held 27 sessions between 14 August and 6 October 2003 to consider 936 objections from 175 individuals and 83 groups of objectors. The Committee identified 55.3% of the objections related to DKLSP 2020, 12.8% related to detail planning proposal which can be considered at the local planning stage and 2.8% related to development control issues that can be regulated through development control guidelines. The remaining 29.1% of the objections related to issues of implementation, enforcement and coordination which have to be resolved at the management level. The Report of Public Objection Hearing was submitted to the Mayor on 8 December 2003.

1.4 The Minister's approval and adoption of the plan

11. The DKLSP 2020, the Public Objection Hearing Report and the amendment report of DKLSP 2020 were submitted by the Mayor to the Minister on 8 March 2004. The Minister then referred the three reports to the Federal Territory Planning Advisory Board for considerations and recommendations. The Board comprises six members and chaired by the Chief Secretary to the government. After a full deliberation and consideration of the reports, the Board submitted the proposal with recommended modifications to the Minister on 12 August 2004. The Plan and its modifications were approved by the Minister for the Federal Territory on 12 August 2004

1.5 Local Plan

12. At any time after the structure plan has come into force the Mayor may consider the preparation of a local plan for any part or whole of Kuala Lumpur. It is the intent of City Hall Kuala Lumpur (CHKL) that the structure plan be followed and supported by a local plan or local plans. Section 13(3) of Act 267 states that:

‘The local plan consists of a map and written statement and shall formulate in such details as the Commissioner thinks appropriate, his proposal for the development of use of land in the area of the local plan, including such measures as the Commissioner thinks fit for the improvement of the physical environment and the improvement of transportation and contain such matters as the Minister may in
particular case specify’.
13. The local plan shall provide for the citizens a more comprehensive and detailed perspective of the future of Kuala Lumpur. This plan shall provide for landowners and developers more detailed planning guidelines for the development of specific sites.