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Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020

Preface

Acknowledgement

1 Introduction

2 International and National Context of Growth

3 Vision and Goals of Kuala Lumpur

4 Economic Base and Population

5 Income and Quality of Life

6 Land Use and Development Strategy

7 Commerce

8 Tourism

9 Industry

10 Transportation

11 Infrastructure and Utilities

12 Housing

13 Community Facilities

14 Urban Design and Landscape

15 Environment

16 Special Areas

17 Strategic Zone
  17.1 Introduction
  17.2 City Centre
    17.2.1 Definition and characteristics
    17.2.2 Development areas
    17.2.3 Linkages
    17.2.4 Provision of community facilities
  17.3 Wangsa Maju - Maluri
    17.3.1 Definition and characteristics
    17.3.2 Development areas
    17.3.3 Linkages
    17.3.4 Urban centres
    17.3.5 Provision of communities facilities
    17.3.6 Visual linkages
  17.4 Sentul - Menjalara
    17.4.1 Definition and characteristics
    17.4.2 Development areas
    17.4.3 Linkages
    17.4.4 Urban centres
    17.4.5 Provision of community facilities
    17.4.6 Visual linkages
  17.5 Damansara - Penchala
    17.5.1 Definition and characteristics
    17.5.2 Development areas
    17.5.3 Linkages and urban centres
    17.5.4 Urban centres
    17.5.5 Provision of community facilities
    17.5.6 Visual linkages and gateway
  17.6 Bukit Jalil - Seputeh
    17.6.1 Definition and characteristics
    17.6.2 Development areas
    17.6.3 Linkages
    17.6.4 Urban centres
    17.6.5 Provision of community facilities
    17.6.6 Visual linkages and gateway
  17.7 Bandar Tun Razak - Sungai Besi
    17.7.1 Definition and characteristics
    17.7.2 Development areas
    17.7.3 Linkages
    17.7.4 Urban centres
    17.7.5 Provision of community facilities
    17.7.6 Visual linkages and gateway
  17.8 Future requirement

18 Implementation

Abbreviations

Glossary

FAQ
17.1 Introduction

791. To develop the spatial strategies set out in Chapter 6.0 Land Use and Development Strategy in further detail as well as to translate the sectoral policies and requirements into specific areas, the City has been divided into six strategic zones whose boundaries align with major roads, rails and river corridors. Specific spatial strategies and major sectoral proposals relating to each zone are described in the subsequent sections. The zones are identified below, viz:

• The City Centre (previously the Central Planning Area)

• Wangsa Maju - Maluri

• Sentul - Menjalara

• Damansara - Penchala

• Bukit Jalil - Seputeh

• Bandar Tun Razak - Sungai Besi

17.2 City centre
 17.2.1  Definition and characteristics

792. This strategic zone is the city centre of Kuala Lumpur. The zone which covers 1,813 hectares is bounded by major highways namely Jalan Tun Razak from the east to the north, Mahameru Highway to the west and the Middle Ring Road 1 to the south (refer Figure 17.1). The zone covers the hills of Bukit Nanas, Bukit Ceylon, Bukit Tunku and the river valleys of Sungai Klang and Sungai Gombak.
793. To create a lively city, both day and night, it is intended to increase the population of the City Centre to 245,600 people in 2020 from 128,721 in 2000. The employment of the City Centre in 2000 was 396,036 and is projected to be about 438,010 by 2020.
794. The City Centre comprises a number of historic and recent major business, tourist and commercial nodes interspersed with residential, recreation and cemetery areas. The symbolic centre of the nation, Merdeka Square, is located within the City Centre as are the City’s most notable landmarks, the Petronas Twin Towers at the KLCC
and the KL Tower.
795. The City Centre’s traditional role as the major residential and commercial areas of the Kuala Lumpur and its conurbation (KLC) has been eroded by new development in other urban and suburban centres in the KLC and the relocation of federal government offices to Putrajaya. Forward-looking strategies are essential to bring people back to the City Centre and create a quality working and living environment that will capitalise upon the recent investment in modern infrastructure for the City.

 17.2.2  Development areas
 a)  Intensification of residential development

796. Intensified residential development shall be encouraged in order to attract people back to the City Centre. Emphasis shall be given to the provision of high density, high quality residential development within 250 metres of rail stations and existing residential areas shall be upgraded.
797. High density and high quality residential development shall be encouraged in dilapidated housing areas such as those around Jalan Tiong Nam, Jalan Masjid India and Jalan Alor / Berangan. To complement the surrounding areas, medium density high quality residential development will be designated in the areas around the KLCC, Jalan Yap Kwan Seng, Bukit Ceylon, Jalan Inai / Imbi and Jalan Stonor / Conlay.
798. Because of high land costs and in order to be able to ensure a high quality of built environment befitting a world-class city, residential areas in the City Centre will be geared towards providing medium to high cost accommodation.
799. The existing low rise residential character featuring mature trees of Bukit Petaling around the Istana Negara should be maintained and consolidated.
 

Figure 17.1 : Development strategy city centre

 b)  Moderate commercial growth

800. In order to moderate commercial development in the City Centre, land use changes to accommodate new commercial development to the exclusion of other uses shall not be encouraged. New commercial or mixed-use development shall be considered in areas where high quality residences are proposed.
801. Emphasis shall be placed on upgrading existing office and commercial areas to include high quality residential accommodation and the creation of comprehensive mixed development precincts incorporating commercial, financial, hotel, entertainment and cultural uses with a high residential component.
802. Major commercial activities shall be regularised and rationalised into special precincts. The area within KLCC shall be developed as the main commercial hub, and the area around Jalan Bukit Bintang enhanced as a premier tourist precinct. Part of the area on the former government quarters, next to the existing temporary market at Jalan Davis shall be developed into a comprehensive market, hawkers and food centre which will also be a major tourist attraction. It shall also include a district park.

 c)  Review and rationalise incompatible land uses

803. Incompatible land uses in the City Centre are primarily the consequence of the historical development of the City. The changing circumstances of the City Centre and the City as a whole has meant that the continuing presence of certain uses can no longer be justified.
804. A number of schools have been or are being relocated as part of the school relocation programme so that they can better serve the residential population and free up City Centre land for more appropriate development. The Batu Road School shall be redeveloped as a landmark, high intensity, commercial development and integrated with the Sultan Ismail LRT station. A comprehensive shopping-cum-entertainment development shall be developed at the former Bukit Bintang Girls School together with the nearby swimming pool located at the end of the premier shopping street of Jalan Bukit Bintang. The former St. Mary School of Jalan P. Ramlee / Jalan Tengah shall be redeveloped as a high density and high quality residential development.

 d)  Diversification of economic activities

805. The City Centre contains the most significant historic buildings, sites and streets in the City. Besides improving the general environment of the older areas, urban renewal initiatives shall be directed towards capitalising upon the existing assets and comparative advantages of Kuala Lumpur to create new tourist facilities. Boutique hotels in heritage buildings shall be encouraged and civic precincts such as those around the KTM Railway Station and Pasar Seni be enhanced.
806. The character of the traditional shopping precincts of Chow Kit, Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Masjid India and Jalan Pasar will be enhanced and upgraded to be more attractive and comfortable to shoppers. Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Masjid India and Jalan Pasar shall be further developed as specialised shopping precincts. Beautification projects in the traditional shopping precints such as at Jalan Petaling which is near completion and at Jalan Masjid India under construction, will become as attraction centres to both local and foreign tourists.
807. Kuala Lumpur will build on its existing tourism potential and create new avenues for tourism development. New tourism products aimed at attracting educational tourism such as a city university for the Universiti Malaya in the former Public Service Department (JPA) complex shall be developed. Additional MICE facilities such as the new convention centre at KLCC and the building of facilities for health tourism such as specialist hospitals shall be encouraged. Efforts shall be made to introduce heritage and other tourist trails in the City Centre and specialised precincts for informal dining such as that along Jalan Alor shall be developed.

 e)  Comprehensive development area (CDA)

808. Kampong Bharu, located in the heart of the City Centre, will build on its traditional Malay character to be a centre for the collection, distribution, marketing and exhibition of Malaysian culture, arts and artefacts. The area will be consolidated as one of the major residential precincts in the City Centre while at the same time more modern developments incorporating commercial facilities will be encouraged so as to bring a measure of prosperity to the residents. Kampong Bharu will also serve as an important cultural and commercial bridge linking the northern, western, and eastern parts of the City Centre.

 f)  Development around transit stations

809. To help reduce vehicular traffic within the City Centre, office and commercial employment clusters at the outer edges of the City Centre adjacent to rail station transit nodes at the KLCC, Kampong Bharu, Chow Kit and Titiwangsa shall be created. Development shall include public transport interchanges and cultural and community
facilities.
810. The Stadium Merdeka represents the historical proclaimation of Malaysia’s Independence. However the areas in its vicinity can be developed for residential and commercial purposes in which its design concept should take sympathetic consideration of the historical values.
811. The site of the former Pudu Jail shall be developed as a high density and high quality residential development incorporating service apartments. Part of the site which is closely linked to the Hang Tuah LRT and the PRT stations shall be developed as a neighbourhood park.
812. Some of the older public housing areas now occupying valuable inner city land are under pressure for redevelopment. A comprehensive development plan for San Peng and Loke Yew Flats shall be implemented to create an integrated high technology mixed development catering for the needs of the New Economy and incorporating medium density, high and medium cost housing. The development shall be closely integrated with the Hang Tuah and Pudu LRT stations and incorporating open space connections between the cemetery to the south and the new neighbourhood park at the former Pudu Jail site. The site is on the prominent axis from the south of the City and the redevelopment shall be a significant landmark building to complement the Petronas Twin Towers and KL Tower.
813. The Tuanku Abdul Rahman flats at Jalan Tun Razak, another area of dilapidated public housing which extends to cover an area to the north of the City Centre, shall be developed to create a self-contained comprehensive mixed development closely integrated with the Titiwangsa LRT and PRT stations.

 g)  Urban character of the city centre

814. To create a city identity that is both attractive and unique, the distinctive characteristics of the City Centre shall be identified and enhanced. The distinctive valley and hill landform and major landmark buildings of the City Centre are vital to the creation of its sense of place as well as aiding orientation. To maintain and accentuate important views, building height controls shall be adopted that, as a general principle, start at low rise from the edge of the City Centre and rising towards the centre. This shall be supported by urban design guidelines defining visual corridors where building height shall be controlled in order to maintain citywide views of the principal landmark buildings and of the major hills both within and beyond the City Centre.
815. The character of the older urban areas in the City Centre such as Chow Kit, Jalan Petaling, Jalan Bukit Bintang, Bukit Ceylon and Pudu shall be preserved and the infrastructure and building quality and general living and working environment upgraded. Conservation and preservation plans for heritage areas will promote a pedestrian friendly ambience and maintain the rich diversity of street pattern and building vernacular that these areas display.
816. The main commercial district will showcase Kuala Lumpur as A World Class City and the financial precinct should contain only the highest quality buildings. However the contrasting character of the low density area with mature trees at Bukit Tunku shall be retained and enhanced.

 17.2.3  Linkages
 a)  Pedestrian network

817. By promoting the use of public transport and facilitating pedestrian movement CHKL aims to reduce traffic congestion and improve the overall environmental quality of the City Centre. To this end, a safe, continuous, pedestrian-friendly system, accessible to all including the disabled, and complemented by a bicycle network will link all major activity centres and be fully integrated with public transit nodes. The network will combine with an off-street green network utilising the river corridor linking activity centres to existing open spaces, parks and nodes distributed throughout the City Centre.
818. Developments adjacent to rivers shall promote river frontage facilities that are accessible to the public. New development and urban renewal projects will provide public open space. These civic spaces will be the key features of the overall urban design and shall be integrated into a comprehensive landscaped pedestrian network.
819. An integrated landscape network including major rivers, existing open spaces, pedestrian friendly streets and new urban parks shall be provided that links residential areas with employment and commercial centres and community facilities.
820. Existing pedestrian routes shall be enhanced and extended and new routes shall be developed to form the pedestrian network. Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman and other main pedestrian thoroughfares that are to be developed as specialty shopping spines shall be linked with each other and to other major mixed development precincts.
821. Kampong Bharu shall be developed as a catalyst to create a cultural corridor linking the cultural precincts of Jalan Tun Razak and Jalan Conlay with the shopping precincts of KLCC and Chow Kit. To the west of the City Centre, a pedestrian mall shall be created linking Bandaraya and Bank Negara station to Taman Tasik Perdana, thus providing more convenient access to this major park for City Centre residents.

 b)  Green network and open spaces

822. The green network shall connect major open spaces or heavily treed areas radiating from outside the City Centre. Existing open spaces, road, river and utility corridors and mature tree coverage in low density residential areas shall be utilised to form the green network. In addition future open spaces and landscaped areas shall be created to enhance the network.
823. Taman Tasik Perdana shall be enhanced as the premier park of the City. The predominantly treed areas around the Mahameru Highway and the federal government offices nearby shall be preserved as a western green area for the City Centre. These areas will have a high proportion of landscaped open space to create a parkland setting with green pedestrian networks linking to the adjacent low density residential areas of Bukit Tunku, Taman Duta and Bukit Persekutuan (Federal Hill).
824. The existing mature tree coverage in Bukit Petaling, Kampong Attap and the Chinese cemetery areas shall be preserved as a southern green area for the City Centre by means of long-term conservation and replanting programmes which will aid the establishment of flora and fauna biodiversity. This green area shall be further extended into the City Centre via the Stadium Negara and Stadium Merdeka institutional and sports precinct and the proposed new neighbourhood park at the former Pudu Jail site.
825. The new district park at the former government quarters at Jalan Davis and the KLCC park, shall be maintained as extensions of the green character stretching from the golf course of the Royal Selangor Golf Club (RSGC) and green curtilages of Taman U-Thant. Future development around Jalan Stonor / Jalan Conlay should be planned to allow more green area to complement the green character.
826. A green corridor linking from the cultural precinct along Jalan Tun Razak and Taman Tasik Titiwangsa with Kampong Bharu into the City Centre shall be created by utilising Sungai Bunus corridor as a linear open space. Building height controls shall apply to these areas in order to maintain the visual corridor from the district park of Taman Tasik Titiwangsa towards the Petronas Twin Towers at KLCC.

 c)  Public transportation

827. The City Centre is well served with a comprehensive inter-city rail network where the KTM and LRT rail systems are integrated with each other to serve the major residential, commercial and tourist attraction areas. The inter-city rail systems will be linked with the PRT system which is an intra-city rail network.
828. The Puduraya bus terminus shall be redeveloped and integrated into the Plaza Rakyat rail station to create a multi-modal interchange incorporating taxi, rail and intra-regional bus services.
829. A priority programme shall be dedicated to the improvement of transit interchanges integrating rail, bus and taxis services to ensure that the public transport system is user friendly and efficient. These interchanges shall be comprehensively integrated to pedestrian systems which can safely accommodate and disperse large volumes of travellers and commuters to residential, shopping and office destinations.

 17.2.4  Provision of community facilities

830. Existing community facilities in the City Centre shall be upgraded and additional community facilities shall be provided in residential and comprehensive mixed-use development.

17.3 Wangsa Maju - Maluri
 17.3.1  Definition and characteristics

831. The Wangsa Maju - Maluri zone is defined in the north by the boundary of Kuala Lumpur, which separates the City from Batu Caves, Gombak, Melawati and Ampang areas in Selangor. The Kuala Lumpur-Karak Highway forms the western boundary of the zone, while Jalan Tun Razak and a part of Sungai Kerayong demarcate the southern boundary of the zone (refer Figure 17.2).
832. The population in 2000 was 347,432 and is projected to be 443,700 people by 2020. The employment in 2000 was 90,125 and is projected to grow to 169,654 over the next 20 years.
833. The terrain of the eastern area is hilly, culminating in Bukit Dinding, at 247 metres above average mean sea level (AMSL), the second highest hill in the City. To the south of the hills lie Sungai Klang, the RSGC golf couse and the residential areas of Titiwangsa, Kampong Datok Keramat and Taman U-Thant. The zone contains the growth area of Wangsa Maju and is predominantly residential. Industry is spread across the zone and, to the north, is contiguous with the industrial estate in Batu Caves. Two institutes of higher learning are located in the zone namely Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and Tunku Abdul Rahman College.
834. The southern part of the zone contains the district park of Taman Tasik Titiwangsa, the cultural precinct along Jalan Tun Razak and Malay Reservation Area of Kampong Datok Keramat. An important feature of the zone is that two major rivers namely Sungai Gombak and Sungai Klang flowing through the zone and make it prone to flooding.

 17.3.2  Development areas
 a)  International zone

835. The existing international character of the high quality and low density residential areas around Jalan Ampang / Jalan U-Thant shall be enhanced. Low density control and prohibition of high rise development shall be applied to Taman U-Thant, Jalan Damai, Jalan Semarak and Titiwangsa residential areas. An international food and cultural
precinct shall also be designated and developed in the area.

 b)  Malay reservation areas and new villages

836. The Malay Reservation Areas of Gombak and Kampong Datok Keramat along with the Air Panas new village require revitalisation through improvement of infrastructure, provision of community facilities and redevelopment initiatives.

 c)  Urban renewal / redevelopment areas

837. The former government quarters at Jalan Cochrane shall be redeveloped into a medium density residential neighbourhood focusing on providing medium cost housing. The Tuanku Abdul Rahman Flats, part of which lies within the City Centre, shall also be redeveloped as described in 17.2.2(f). Comprehensive development plans for the upgrading and improvement of the cluster houses at Taman Setapak Jaya shall be drawn up.
 

Figure 17.2 : Development Strategy, Wangsa Maju - Maluri

 d)  Stable areas

838. Major development in the zone shall be focused on completion of the development programme for the Wangsa Maju growth area and intensification of development around transit nodes. Opportunities for the development of industrial tourism focusing on the existing Royal Selangor pewter factory at Setapak shall be promoted.

 17.3.3  Linkages
 a)  Green network and open spaces

839. The existing extensive open spaces of RSGC golf course, district park of Taman Tasik Titiwangsa and Bukit Dinding shall be preserved. The natural features of Bukit Dinding shall be protected and parts of the hill preserved as a park. New neighbourhood parks shall be developed at Ampang Hilir and Taman Melati and in the vacated squatter area of Jalan Semarak located to the south of the Air Panas new village.

 b)  Public transportation

840. The PUTRA LRT serves the eastern area of this strategic zone connecting the City Centre in the south-west to Putra Terminal Station at Gombak in the northern boundary, while the STAR LRT runs along the southernmost boundary of the zone.
841. The Gombak bus terminus which is located next to the Putra Terminal Station is to be designed to integrate with the latter as a multi-modal interchange incorporating taxi, rail and inter-regional bus services.

 17.3.4  Urban centres

842. The major district centre at Wangsa Maju shall be intensified and connections with the LRT transit node at Wangsa Maju Station strengthened. A new district centre shall be developed at Kampong Datok Keramat around the Dato’ Keramat Station.
843. Intensified residential and commercial development shall be encouraged at the existing neighbourhood centre adjacent to the LRT station at Maluri. The provision of community facilities shall be improved in the existing neighbourhood centres of Air Panas, Gombak, Danau Kota, Desa Pandan and Setiawangsa.

 17.3.5  Provision of community facilities

844. Community facilities will be developed in the district centres of Wangsa Maju and Kampong Datok Keramat and in the neighbourhood centres of Air Panas, Gombak, Danau Kota, Setiawangsa and Desa Pandan to meet the needs of the local population (refer Table 6.6).

 17.3.6  Visual linkages

845. Two visual corridors along which building height control applies, shall be created across the zone towards the Petronas Twin Towers and KL Tower. One axis shall be from Jalan Ampang in the east and the other from the Karak Highway approaching towards the City Centre.

17.4 Sentul - Menjalara
 17.4.1  Definition and characteristics

846. The zone is defined in the north by the boundary of Kuala Lumpur which separates the City from the town of Batu Caves, Selangor. The Kuala Lumpur-Karak Highway forms the eastern boundary of the zone while the New Klang Valley Expressway demarcates the southern boundary (refer Figure 17.3).
847. The population in 2000 was 297,595 and is projected to be 445,000 by 2020. The employment in 2000 was 83,829 and is projected to grow to 211,717 over the next 20 years.
848. To the north the terrain is generally level and crossed by Sungai Kemunsing and Sungai Jinjang. This area comprises established residential areas at Menjalara and Sentul which are developed around the neighbourhood centres of Kepong, Taman Mastiara and Segambut and are intermixed with large industrial areas and estates. The industrial areas are mainly located in the north of the zone at Kepong, Jinjang and Segambut and are contiguous with the industrial estates in Batu Caves.
 


Figure 17.3 : Development Strategy, Sentul - Menjalara

 17.4.2  Development areas
 a)  Malay reservation areas, traditional kampungs and new villages

849. The Malay Reservation Areas of Selayang and Gombak and the traditional kampungs of Segambut, Sri Delima, Batu Muda and Kampong Melayu FRI shall be improved to include the upgrading of infrastructure, community facilities and utilities.
850. The development plans for the new villages at Jinjang North and Jinjang South shall include measures to redevelop the dilapidated industrial areas and upgrade the infrastructure, community facilities and utilities in the residential areas.

 b)  Urban renewal / redevelopment areas

851. Comprehensive development plans for Pekan Kepong and Jinjang South Extension shall be prepared for mixed-use development incorporating community facilities and utilities. The dilapidated areas around the Sentul Pasar shall be developed to complement the nearby Sentul Raya development. Development shall capitalise on the area’s strategic location close to the City Centre and its proximity to both the LRT station at Sentul Timur and the KTM station at Sentul. The plan shall include the redevelopment of Sentul market, the provision of medium density of medium and high cost housing including service apartments and commercial components. All squatter areas shall be redeveloped as mixed-use development of self-contained residential neighbourhoods. A study on the problems relating to overcrowding and inadequate infrastructure of the residential area of Taman Datuk Senu shall be carried out to identify remedial measures for the improvement of the living environment including the physical and infrastructural quality.

 c)  Stable areas

852. Major development in the zone shall be focused on the completion of the development programme for the proposed large-scale commercial and residential centre in Sentul Raya.
853. Redevelopment of area to the south of Taman Batu Muda shall complement the adjacent Batu Entrepreneur Park which provides premises and resources for small and medium sized industries.
854. Batu Cantonment may be retained as a military logistic and supply centre. However this area has the potential to be developed as a CDA and development in the future could focus on industries that complement the nearby Malaysian second car plant in Serendah and the proposed Proton City in the Bernam Valley. An automobile business park could also be developed as part of the CDA that would include industries supplying parts to the automobile industry as well as service industries associated with the automobile industry such as accessory dealers, car showrooms and vehicle servicing. The remainder of the CDA could contain medium density and medium cost housing and commercial development associated with the new district centre.
855. In many cases industrial areas in the northern part of the zone are surrounded by residential development. Urban renewal in these areas should provide landscaped buffers between incompatible uses. High technology driven and information-based clean industries shall be introduced together with supportive office and other commercial uses with open spaces for workers.

 17.4.3  Linkages
 a)  Green network and open spaces

856. The extensive open spaces of the Kepong Metropolitan Park and the Batu Metropolitan Park shall be enhanced.

 b)  Public transportation

857. The Sentul-Port Klang and Rawang-Seremban KTM commuter lines pass through the zone affording good overall rail coverage but there are relatively few stations. The STAR LRT lines running from the south through the City Centre extend the service for the southern part of this zone terminating at the Sentul Timur Terminal.
858. The feasibility of extending the LRT line further northwards from Sentul Timur towards Taman Wahyu and westward towards Kepong shall be examined. Both northern and western extensions shall continue beyond the City boundary to serve the residential areas in the immediate catchment.
859. The Jalan Ipoh bus terminus is to be integrated with the proposed LRT terminus of the extended STAR LRT line to create a multi modal interchange incorporating taxi, rail and inter regional bus services.

 17.4.4  Urban centres

860. New district centres shall be created in Bandar Menjalara, Sentul Raya and Sri Utara around the new LRT station on the northern LRT route extension.
861. Intensified residential and commercial development shall be encouraged at the existing neighbourhood centres at Kepong, Segambut and Taman Mastiara which are close to the existing or proposed rail stations.

 17.4.5  Provision of community facilities

862. Community facilities will be developed in the district centre of Bandar Menjalara, Sentul Raya and Sri Utara and in the neighbourhood centres of Kepong, Segambut and Taman Mastiara to meet the needs of the local population (refer Table 6.6).

 17.4.6  Visual linkages

863. Other than the New Klang Valley Expressway visual corridor, another visual corridor along Jalan Ipoh towards the City Centre shall be established and building height controls shall be implemented.

17.5 Damansara - Penchala
 17.5.1  Definition and characteristics

864. The zone is defined to the west and south by the boundary of Kuala Lumpur, Federal Highway and Jalan Syed Putra. To the east it is bounded by Jalan Kuching and the Mahameru Highway while to the north it is defined by the New Klang Valley Expressway (refer Figure 17.4). The population in 2000 was 99,100 and is projected to grow to 259,100 by 2020. The employment in 2000 was 62,030 and is projected to grow to 183,011 over the next 20
years.
865. The majority of the zone is hilly terrain with predominantly low to medium density residential development around the district centre of Damansara and neighbourhood centre of Taman Tun Dr. Ismail. The zone also includes extensive recreation areas such as the golf courses of the Kuala Lumpur Golf and Country Club (KLGCC) and Civil Service Golf Club (KGPA), West Valley Park, Bukit Kiara Equestrian Park and a Botanical Garden, which, together with the campus of the University of Malaya, create a green crescent to the south of the zone.
866. Significant commercial office areas have recently become established at Bukit Damansara, Sri Hartamas, Bangsar and Mid Valley Mega Mall. In recent years a number of high quality citywide landmark buildings for example Malaysian External Trade Development Corporation (MALTRADE), Telecom Tower and Pantai Plaza have been erected.

 17.5.2  Development areas
 a)  International zones

867. Damansara is designated as an International Zone and a variety of measures shall be introduced in order to maintain and enhance its existing international character, which offers a high quality living and working environment comparable to those of other world-class cities. This area shall be planned as a high end employment centre to incorporate institutes of higher learning and research centres to serve the local population as well as international students. Development shall include low-density high cost housing and student accommodation so as to preserve the heavily treed and undulating character of the area.
 

Figure 17.4 : Development Strategy, Damansara - Penchala
868. Redevelopment of areas along Jalan Bangsar between KL Sentral and Telecom Tower shall be encouraged to take the advantage of road and rail infrastructure and large-scale retail and hotel development in the area. Commercial development such as high quality office and service apartments shall be encouraged.
869. High density and high-rise development in the Federal Hill, Taman Duta and Bukit Tunku shall not be encouraged so as to preserve the existing low density and high quality residential areas. Building heights and residential densities within Bangsar and Bukit Damansara shall be regulated. Where appropriate, moderate intensification of low density residential areas shall be permitted, provided that this does not affect the overall character of the areas in question.
870. The international standard of recreational facilities in Bukit Kiara and other facilities and institutions in Bukit Damansara shall be enhanced in order to cater for the international market.

 b)  Comprehensive development areas

871. A Comprehensive Development Area shall be established in the northern part of the zone at the former federal government offices at Jalan Duta, which shall be developed to be a centre for the collection, distribution, marketing and exhibition of manufactured products that have been developed and patented in Malaysia.
872. The Jalan Duta CDA shall primarily consist of high-end office and other commercial as well as residential development, hotel and MICE facilities and shall also include a specialist healthcare precinct to serve the local population of Kuala Lumpur as well as to promote healthcare tourism. A district park is also proposed in the CDA.

 c)  Malay reservation areas and traditional kampungs

873. Development plans for the Malay Reservation Areas at Kampong Sungai Penchala and Segambut shall take into consideration of the predominantly hilly and green forest character. Encouragement shall be given to the development of eco-tourism and educational facilities that can capitalise on the special qualities of the areas and the proximity of the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) as well as the forested area at Bukit Kiara. Such development could include hobby farms, forest resort hotel and an international botanical research station associated with the new botanical garden at Bukit Kiara.

 d)  Urban renewal / redevelopment areas

874. All squatter areas shall be redeveloped as mixed-use development or self-contained residential neighbourhoods.

 e)  Stable areas

875. Urban renewal shall be focused in the south of the zone especially in Brickfields which will include the upgrading of infrastructure and community facilities and the introduction of new and innovative redevelopment that complements the impetus provided by KL Sentral. This shall also include the renovation and conservation of shop houses, the creation of pedestrian precincts and shopping streets, as well as the provision of youth hostels and good quality budget hotels.

 17.5.3  Linkages and urban centres
 a)  Green network and open spaces

876. The existing open spaces of Bukit Kiara, Taman Tun Dr. Ismail and the forested hills of Kampong Sungai Penchala shall be preserved together with the West Valley Park. A botanical garden shall be developed to the north of the West Valley Park thus creating a large contiguous area of open space, which includes the golf courses to the south, and the equestrian centre and the recreational facilities to the east.

 b)  Public transportation

877. The PUTRA LRT and the KTM serve the south western edge of the zone connecting to the City Centre and the ERL rail terminus at KL Sentral which shall be developed as an integrated international rail-based transportation hub. The Segambut KTM rail station in the northwest corner of the Jalan Duta CDA shall be upgraded and properly integrated into the development of the CDA.
878. The western spur of the proposed Damansara-Cheras LRT link shall serve the Damansara district centre and Taman Tun Dr. Ismail neighbourhood centre. The feasibility of extending this line to the new neighbourhood centre at Kampong Sungai Penchala and neighbouring urban centres in Selangor such as Bandar Utama, Sri Damansara and Sungai Buloh township shall also be investigated.

 17.5.4  Urban centres

879. The existing district centre at Damansara shall be intensified. The Bangsar and Sri Hartamas district centres shall be enhanced and promoted as a tourist attractions and a neighbourhood centre shall be developed at Kampong Sungai Penchala. Intensified residential and commercial development shall be encouraged at the existing neighbourhood centres of Taman Tun Dr. Ismail and Kampong Sungai Penchala which are close to proposed rail
stations.

 17.5.5  Provision of community facilities

880. Community facilities will be developed in the district centre of Damansara, Bangsar and Sri Hartamas and in the neighbourhood centres of Taman Tun Dr. Ismail and Kampong Sungai Penchala to meet the needs of the local population (refer Table 6.6).

 17.5.6  Visual linkages ang gateway

881. Building heights shall be controlled to ensure the visual primacy of the Petronas Twin Towers, KL Tower, the Kuala Lumpur Mosque and the green backdrop of Bukit Kiara, Bukit Arang and Kampong Sungai Penchala. Building height controlled visual corridors shall be along the New Klang Valley Expressway and along the axis of the Federal Highway and Jalan Bangsar.
882. A major gateway zone at the entry point of the New Klang Valley Expressway shall be developed to reflect the high quality of housing and the living environment of this area. Another gateway zone shall be developed at the axis of the Federal Highway and Jalan Bangsar to portray Kuala Lumpur as an international shopping and business centre.

17.6 Bukit Jalil - Seputeh
 17.6.1  Definition and characteristics

883. The zone is typified by north south ridges of hills running the length of the zone between which lie the river valleys of Sungai Kerayong, Sungai Kuyuh and Sungai Klang.
884. The Middle Ring Road 1 and the Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Highway delineate the northeastern boundary of the zone while the Federal Highway and Jalan Syed Putra form the northwestern boundary. The western and southern edges of the zone are formed by the boundary of the City (refer Figure 17.5).
885. The population in 2000 was 352,100 and is projected to be 464,300 by 2020. The employment in 2000 was 132,149 and is projected to grow to 273,121 over the next 20 years. The zone is predominantly residential with the major growth area at Bukit Jalil. The nature of the residential development ranges from mature and dense as in Bukit Indah and along Jalan Klang Lama to newly developed and less dense areas at Bukit Jalil.
886. The industrial areas mainly lie in the western and southern peripheral areas, the latter including the Technology Park Malaysia (TPM) in Bukit Jalil. Large scale institutional areas in the zone are Sungai Besi Royal Malaysian Air Force Base in the north and the National Sports Complex at Bukit Jalil to the south.

 17.6.2  Development areas
 a)  International zones

887. Bukit Jalil is designated as an International Zone and shall be developed as a high-class residential area. Development will build on the existing special attributes of the area especially the presence of major sports facilities and the area’s proximity to the MSC, the KLIA and the City Centre.
 

Figure 17.5 : Development Strategy, Bukit Jalil - Seputeh
888. The quality of the sports facilities and other facilities shall be improved to meet international standards and the zone shall be developed for commercial and tourist facilities as well as attractions related to sporting activities. MICE facilities shall also be developed to complement the existing nearby facilities at the Mines and Sunway Lagoon.
889. Because of its key location in relation to the MSC and the City Centre, it is anticipated that Bukit Jalil will attract many expatriates and local people who are involved in high technology industries. Research and development activities such as engineering, biotechnology and ICT shall be developed within Technology Park Malaysia.

 b)  Traditional kampung

890. Urban renewal shall be undertaken through the upgrading of the environment and community facilities at Kampong Pasir which lies to the west of Sungai Klang. Infrastructural improvement shall be implemented and measures undertaken to eliminate the discharge of effluent and waste into Sungai Klang. Additional open spaces shall be provided and the enhancement of the river corridor and pedestrian linkages shall be made to connect to the KTM rail station at Pantai Dalam.

 c)  Urban renewal / redevelopment areas

891. The squatter and long house areas such as those at Kampong Pasir, Kampong Pantai Dalam, Kampong Kerinchi and Kuchai Lama shall be redeveloped. Similarly the comprehensive development plan for the dilapidated areas at Jalan Penghulu Mat and Jalan Klang Lama to the south of Mid Valley Mega Mall will aim to revitalise this strategically located area by outlining measures for the redevelopment of dilapidated industrial areas and removal of squatters. All squatter areas shall be redeveloped as mix used development or selfcontained residential neighbourhoods.
892. Being tightly confined on two sides by major roads and on a third by Sungai Klang, the area will require a combination of traffic management and river management measures in addition to infrastructural and environmental improvements.

 d)  Stable areas

893. The principal aim will be to consolidate and improve the environment of the substantial number of residential developments in the zone and to increase residential densities around rail stations.
894. Areas shall be designated for training facilities in Kuchai Entrepreneur Park for high skills, high technology, high-end design and information based industries.
895. The Sungai Besi Royal Malaysian Air Force Base shall be retained as the air base.

 17.6.3  Linkages
 a)  Green network and open spaces

896. The green network in the zone shall comprise the green hills of Seputeh, the district park at the former government quarters at Jalan Davis and Taman Tasik Perdana and will be linked together by utilising the Chinese cemetery, as well as the river, rail and electric transmission corridors thereby providing a continuous green corridor into the City Centre.
897. The natural features of parts of Bukit Gasing shall be protected and developed as parks for recreational purposes. The Bukit Jalil International Park shall be conserved and enhanced.

 b)  Public transportation

898. Rail services are generally available to the periphery of the zone. The LRT serves the east and Bukit Jalil in the south whilst the KTM commuter rail serves areas to the west of Sungai Besi.
899. The STAR LRT shall be extended to serve the district centre at Bukit Jalil and the feasibility of extending a spur from the PUTRA LRT or the PRT to connect to the new district centre at Bukit Indah and neighbouring urban centres in Puchong, Selangor via Jalan Klang Lama shall be examined. Another station along this spur shall be developed to connect to the new neighbourhood centre at Taman Desa.
900. In order to improve accessibility to the Mid Valley Mega Mall, a pedestrian connection shall be made to the LRT station at Abdullah Hukum utilising a pedestrian bridge over the Sungai Klang.

 17.6.4  Urban centres

901. Emphasis will be placed on developing the district centre at Bukit Jalil and a new district centre shall be developed in Bukit Indah of Jalan Klang Lama.
902. Residential and commercial development at the existing neighbourhood centre at Sri Petaling, close to the existing rail stations shall be improved in terms of infrastructure, facilities and beautification. In addition, accessibility linkages between this centre to the Sri Petaling and Bukit Jalil LRT stations shall be strengthened.
903. Similarly, residential and commercial development at the existing neighbourhood centre at Taman Desa, which shall be served by a new rail station shall be improved. The Kuchai Entrepreneur Park shall be upgraded to become another neighbourhood centre.

 17.6.5  Provision of community facilities

904. Community facilities will be developed in the district centre of Bukit Jalil and Bukit Indah and in the neighbourhood centres of Taman Desa, Kuchai Entrepreneur Park and Sri Petaling to meet the needs of the local population (refer Table 6.6).

 17.6.6  Visual linkages and gateway

905. Building height-controlled areas shall be established to ensure the visual primacy of the City Centre and the growth centre at Bukit Jalil from the Kuala Lumpur - Seremban Highway. A major gateway zone at the entry point of Kuala Lumpur - Seremban Highway shall capitalise on the existing sports and MICE facilities to portray Kuala Lumpur as a centre for sports and MICE.

17.7 Bandar Tun Razak - Sungai Besi
 17.7.1  Definition and characteristics

906. Sungai Kerayong delineates the northern boundary of the zone while the Kuala Lumpur - Seremban Highway forms the western boundary. The eastern and southern edges of the zone are formed by the boundary of the City (refer
Figure 17.6).
907. The population in 2000 was 53,996 and is projected to be 340,700 by 2020. The employment in 2000 was 74,231 and is projected to grow to 144,087 over the next 20 years.
908. The terrain is generally hilly and incised by the flood plain of Sungai Kerayong. Bukit Sungai Besi, the highest hill in Kuala Lumpur, dominates the southern part of the zone.
909. The zone has an established residential base. Industry is well established throughout the zone and generally consolidated into eight industrial areas. Two large-scale institutions within the zone are the training college and school complexes in Bandar Tun Razak and the Sungai Besi Military Camp in south of the zone.

 17.7.2  Development areas
 a)  Traditional kampung and new villages

910. Urban renewal shall be undertaken through the upgrading of the general environment and community facilities of the Salak Selatan New Village and the traditional kampungs at Kampong Malaysia Raya and Kampong Cheras Baru.
911. High density residential and mixed-use development shall be encouraged at Kampong Malaysia Raya around the major transit node at Bandar Tasik Selatan. Similarly, connections to the LRT station at Salak Selatan shall be improved and intensification of residential development encouraged.

 b)  Urban renewal / redevelopment areas

912. A comprehensive development plan shall be drawn up for the dilapidated industrial area at Chan Sow Lin. Revitalisation of this area shall require a combination of infrastructure and facility improvement together with comprehensive redevelopment.
 

Figure 17.6 : Development Strategy, Bandar Tun Razak - Sungai Besi
913. A major part of the area shall be designated as an automobile business park which will include industries supplying parts to the automobile industry as well as service industries associated with the automobile industry such as accessory dealers, car showrooms and vehicle servicing. In addition, there shall be provision of supportive general amenities and office and other commercial development should be provided around the Chan Sow Lin LRT station. Open space facilities for workers including riverside walks and pedestrian links to adjacent residential areas should also be included in the development. A heavy-goods-vehicle lorry park will also be provided and accessibility for industrial vehicles shall be improved. Environmental measures shall include the elimination of effluent and waste discharges into the adjacent Sungai Kerayong.
914. Comprehensive development plans shall be drawn up for the dilapidated areas north of Salak Selatan New Village as well as the cluster houses of Jalan Jujur in Bandar Tun Razak and of Taman Ikan Mas. In addition, the Razak Mansion public housing at Jalan Sungai Besi shall be upgraded. Environmental and infrastructural improvement shall be made including the enhancement of the river corridor and improved connections to the LRT station at Bandar Tun Razak and the KTM station at Salak Selatan via the low cost housing development to the south.
915. All squatter areas shall be redeveloped as mix used development or self-contained residential neighbourhoods.

 c)  Stable areas

916. Major committed development in the zone is focused on the completion of the development programme for the Bandar Tun Razak growth area. In other areas intensified residential development at neighbourhood and district centres especially around rail stations shall be encouraged.

 17.7.3  Linkages
 a)  Green network and open spaces

917. Taman Tasik Permaisuri and Taman Bandar Pudu Ulu shall be preserved and enhanced in terms of green network and open spaces. In addition, extensive tree planting shall be carried out in the older cemetery areas in the vicinity.
918. The natural features of Bukit Sungai Besi, Bukit Sungai Putih, Bukit Pudu and parts of steeper hill slopes of Alam Damai shall be protected and developed as parks for eco-tourism.

 b)  Public transportation

919. The northern parts of the zone are served by a LRT system running towards the City Centre, while the southern and western parts served by both LRT and KTM systems. The two systems are connected to the ERL system at Bandar Tasik Selatan Terminal which runs from KL Sentral to Putrajaya and KLIA to the south. The Bandar Tasik Selatan Terminal is a major multi-modal integrated public transportation terminal, where the ERL, KTM and LRT systems intersect, which will be integrated with the southern inter-regional bus terminal.
920. The eastern spur of the proposed Damansara-Cheras LRT link extending from Taman Tun Dr. Ismail to Taman Segar in Cheras, will pass through the eastern part of this zone. The new line shall start from Maluri Station extending southward along Jalan Cheras to serve the Taman Midah neighbourhood centre, Taman Segar district centre and other urban centres up to Kajang.

 17.7.4  Urban centres

921. The district centre at Bandar Tun Razak shall be intensified and its connections with the transit node at Tasik Selatan Station strengthened. The existing neighbourhood centre at Taman Segar shall be intensified and upgraded to a district centre around the planned new transit node on the Damansara-Cheras LRT line.
922. Intensified residential and commercial development shall be encouraged at the existing neighbourhood centres at Taman Midah and Bandar Tasik Selatan which are close to existing or proposed rail stations. A new neighbourhood centre shall be created in Alam Damai.

 17.7.5  Provision of community facilities

923. Community facilities shall be developed in the district centres of Taman Segar and Bandar Tun Razak and in the neighbourhood centres of Taman Midah, Taman Bukit Anggerik and Bandar Tasik Selatan to meet the needs of the local population (refer Table 6.6).

 17.7.6  Visual linkages and gateway

924. Building height controlled visual corridors shall be created across the zone to the Petronas Twin Towers at the KLCC and the KL Tower from the Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Highway. A major gateway zone at the entry point of the Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Highway shall capitalise on the existing sports and MICE facilities to portray Kuala Lumpur as a centre for sports and MICE.
 
Table 17.1: Additional Land Requirement, 2020

17.8 Future requirement

925. Future land requirements are a summation of the sectoral land requirements as outlined in the preceding chapters and are based on a population target of 2.2 million and a projected employment of 1.4 million by the year 2020.
926. The future additional land required for each strategic zone is identified by comparing the land requirement and potential land available for future development. Table 17.1 shows additional land requirement for each strategic zone. The City Centre is expected to face a shortage of land at about 90 hectares to meet the development requirement up to the year 2020. In order to achieve the targeted population and employment in the City Centre, one of the development strategies is to encourage comprehensive development concept for redevelopment of dilapidated areas with high density and intensity.